NOC for vehicle transfer can be tricky . So before applying for NOC for bike or NOC for car, You need to have complete understanding of the NOC process.
Do you plan to travel or shift from one state to another for a long duration of time? Are you willing to take your vehicle(s) with you to the shifting destination? Do you need any legal permission to do so? For how long can you shift to some other state with your vehicle(s) so that you would not require any legal paperwork? Who regulates this legal documentation?
As a matter of fact and law, the transfer of a personal vehicle from one state to another requires legal documentation and paperwork to be done before shifting. If you are willing to take your vehicle to some other destination for longer periods (one year). Proper legal documentation and registration are required in doing so. If you are going to another state for less than 3 months, you are not obligated to apply for an address alteration and re-registration. RTO ( Regional Transport Office ) is an Indian Government bureau that is accountable for the registration of vehicles. It is located in every state of India which issues driving licenses and vehicle registration.
Obtaining a No Objection Certificate is an important step while shifting interstate which most vehicle owners often overlook. Of course, you do not require this document if you plan to travel interstate for a lesser period of time(3 months) but it becomes important that you transfer the registration of the vehicle if you are shifting for a longer duration of time(a year or more).
It is known by RTO records that this rule is not followed strictly in many states of India. Vehicle owners should understand that it pays off to follow the law of this regulation to circumvent unnecessary bother at the time of insurance claims and other official follow-up plans related to the vehicle.
What Is RTO?
RTO stands for the Regional Transport Office. Under Section 213(1) of the Motor Vehicles Act, 1988, the Motor Vehicles Department was established. The Motor Vehicles Department has the responsibility to enact and enforce various provisions of this act. This central act is applicable throughout the country. Every state has jurisdiction under its own local RTO.
RTO of each state has the function to enforce the various acts of Motor Vehicles, the central motor automobile rules and the state motor vehicle rules as laid down by the government. Following are the activities which the RTO is involved with:
- Motor vehicle tax collection
- Issue International driving permits
- Issue badges to the drivers of public service vehicles like Auto rickshaws and Taxis
- Issue of licenses for public transit and freight traffic
- Mechanical inspection of accidental vehicles
- Maintaining a proper check on the validity of Insurance on motor vehicles
- Maintain a database of registered vehicles
- Conduct a driving test and issue Learner’s and Permanent driver’s license
- Renewing the driver’s license
- Grant certificate of fitness to transport vehicles
- Registration of vehicles
What Is NOC
NOC, which stands for No Objection Certificate, is a legal document which is issued from the regional RTO in case of re-registration of a vehicle from one state or union territory to any other or even inter-state. This is as per regulations that you are required to apply for a change of address and re-register when you are going to another state for over a year. The major reason behind this is for keeping track of vehicles and for quick actions in case of any situation in a particular territory. Updating the records will ease the process mainly for security purposes.
Who Should Apply For NOC
The original purpose for applying a new NOC is to permit a change of the local government authority jurisdiction on that vehicle from one state to the other state’s or inter-state jurisdiction. A vehicle owner, who is about to change its RTO from one state to another permanently, should apply for it.
If the owner of the vehicle has sold the vehicle to some other individual and that particular individual plans to shift to another state with that vehicle for good, then the original owner needs to apply for NOC of the vehicle. Once the NOC is received and given to the new owner of the vehicle by its owner, it needs to be submitted by the new owner to the new state’s RTO.
In case of bereavement of the vehicle’s original owner, the legal heir of that owner has to apply for NOC in the regional RTO where the vehicle was previously registered.
How To Apply/Re-register NOC
- Kindly visit the regional RTO personally and apply for the NOC
- Submit duly-filled CMV 28 form by the RTO with the documents required:
- Registration certificate (RC)
- Insurance certificate
- Permit and fitness certificate (applicable for commercial vehicles)
- Emission test certificate (pollution under control certificate)
- Consent of Financier on CMV form 28 (in case of HPA or a lease agreement)
- Pencil print of the chassis number for the CMV 28 form
- Address proof and photo identity proof
- You can download the CMV 28 form here.
- After this, you need to pay INR 100 to the RTO as a fee for the NOC application.
- As the NOC application is submitted to the RTO, the transport office will acquire a report of the vehicle from the local police authority to make sure that the vehicle is not involved in any criminal case
- Finally, if the RTO has established that there are no pending dues or DSL cases against the vehicle, the No Objection Certificate is issued along with a receipt of clearance.
Obtaining a NOC through online process is possible with the help of an online portal ‘Parivahan’ under the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways. However, registering for a NOC online has not been enabled for all states. The eligibility of your state’s availability must be checked for online NOC before proceeding.
Once the availability is confirmed, kindly ensue with the following steps to apply for a vehicle’s NOC online.
- Visit the online portal ‘Parivahan’.
- Carefully fill in the vehicle’s registration number and click on ‘Proceed’.
- You would now be directed to a new page, choose ‘Application for No Objection Certificate’ from the available options.
- For the next step, enter the last five digits of your vehicle’s chassis number.
- Now, provide all the details asked for and upload the essential documents.
- Pay the fees as applicable for your concerned RTO.
- Save the application form as receipt which is generated, and take a print out.
- Submit the application form along with the receipt slip and required documents “in-person” to your concerned RTO.
The process to get NOC from the RTO is thus concluded, and you can expect for the certificate’s issuance within 3 working days.
For re-registration, the mandatory documents of the vehicle are equivalent in addition to which NOC has to be obtained from the vehicle financer and the original registering certificate to be submitted. On submitting the official papers and paying the application fee, the automobile is re-registered within a period of 15 days.
Validity Of NOC
NOC is valid for six months. After this period, you will not be able to produce the same for re-registering. Just simply submit the NOC and required documents to the regional RTO of the state you are shifting within this period.
The NOC is not only obligatory for shifting a vehicle from one state/UT to another but also when a vehicle is being traded or sold to someone who plans to shift it. Many agencies and vehicle transportation firms can assist you out in knowing more about these procedures.
Registering your vehicle around the time of purchase is as important as keeping the vehicle in the authorized boundary under all conditions. However, if the relocation is temporary, the re-registration is not obligatory because the law permits vehicles to be outside their regional jurisdiction for twelve months. If you intend to prolong the stay, it is better to follow up with the RTO in that city to avoid any sort of legal action on the vehicle. This process could take time, as the documents have to be screened through many departments and sanctioned by many authorities. It is advised to follow up regularly with the authorities to speed up the process in case of any emergency. That is why a time duration of 12 months is given for re-registration so that the citizen would not be troubled because of the screening process time of the documents.
Common Mistakes/Misinformation Regarding NOC
There is a lot of deficient information among the vehicle owners about motor vehicle rules and regulations, which need to be followed by everyone. Which vehicles require NOC and which don’t is not much clear among the vehicle owners nowadays unless they are given a ticket for the offense.
Bike owners in India lack basic knowledge about numerous procedures and necessary regulations that need to be followed for ownership transfer, bike transfer, re-registration of the bike, etc. It is observed that the bike owners give the least precedence to these procedures, as they do not find it so important. They do not have knowledge that if they are caught driving in another state without proper vehicle documents, their driver’s license could be canceled, they could be penalized and also could be jailed as per law.
Any transfer of two-wheeler motor vehicle cannot be initialized devoid of a No Objection Certificate from the regional RTO where the bike was previously registered. The bike can be re-registered in another state only after the attainment of the NOC. The documentation of NOC from the RTO indicates that the department has no difficulty or objections with any procedure related to a motor bike transfer or any certain vehicle.
For example, if you are shifting long term with your four-wheeler/two-wheeler vehicle from Chennai to Vellore permanently, be careful as first you must apply for NOC with the Chennai RTO. Kindly note that the NOC will expire after 6 months after which it will turn into a null document. So further procedure of submitting your NOC, which you received from your Chennai RTO office, in Vellore must be completed within the expiry date of the NOC.
Again hypothetically, if there is any type of road tax or ticket payment impending in Chennai, then clear the fee and get the receipt as this is an essential document. The road tariff may differ from one city to another. So if there is a lower road tax in Vellore, then you can apply for a reimbursement of the outstanding amount. There might also be a case where the city you are shifting to has a higher road tax in which case you will have to pay the excess amount.
Road tax Refund Process
In a case where the city you are permanently shifting to has lower road tax than the city you are vacating, you can appeal for reimbursement for the road tax paid to the regional RTO for the original registration of the vehicle. The time limit for applying for a recompense differs from one state to another and the process for reimbursement can be commenced soon after transferring to new state/UT after procurement of the NOC. However, kindly note that only the original owner of the vehicle can claim for a refund which is understood because that owner is the one who paid the road tax in the first place.
Other Necessary NOC Agreements Required
Besides NOC from RTO, a vehicle holder must also acquire NOC for the following purposes.
- NOC from NCRB – NOC from the NCRB (No Crime Record Bureau) is also essential to guarantee that the motor vehicle has not been involved in any anti-social or criminal activity. With this evidence on NOC, you can guarantee that the process to transfer ownership of your vehicle (inter-state or intra-state) can be completed without hassle.
- NOC from the bank – If the vehicle purchase is funded via a loan, an NOC is required from the affording institution/bank to verify the complete settlement of the loan amount along with the payment of all levies. The credential is compulsory to complete transference of vehicle possession at a new RTO in the case of a sale, or for re-registration at a new RTO in case, the vehicle is shifting to a new state/UT.
To acquire an NOC from the bank, a written application needs to be submitted citing the reason for the transfer. Documents like employment transfer letter, job appointment letter, address proof of new residence, or any other document will be required that supports your motive for shifting. After the bank accepts the NOC, these same documents have to have acquiesced to the RTO.
If by any chance the plan to relocate is halted, the No Objection Certificate has to be annulled. It is essential that the NOC can be submitted to the RTO from where it was approved and a non-utilization certificate is to be obtained from the same RTO.
- Is NOC required if I am going to another state for a short duration?
If the duration of travel is less than 3 months then no NOC is required by you for taking your vehicle to another state.
- Is NOC needed if I am moving from one city to another in the same state?
Yes, as the jurisdiction of nearest RTO changes, you will have to apply for a NOC for the new RTO resgistration.
- Will my vehicle’s registration in the original RTO be valid if I obtain NOC to move my vehicle from one state to another but do not complete the process of re-registration?
As you obtain NOC for a vehicle, it clears out of existing RTO’s authority and permits for shifting the vehicle from one state to another. Conversely, if you cancel your plan to move the vehicle, a Non-Utilisation Certificate (NUC) of the NOC is needed to be produced from the original RTO. This will restore the vehicle’s original registration for the initial RTO.
- Are the documents required to obtain NOC for a transport vehicle the same as for other vehicles?
The documents essential for vehicle NOC are same for transport vehicles. However some additional documents are required in this case, such as:
- Tax clearance certificate
- Certificate of vehicle’s fitness
- Surrender of a permit issued by any other state
- Challan clearance certificate
- What will happen if I do not apply for any NOC and follow ups regarding the regional RTO?
For security purpose of citizens, it is of utmost importance that NOC for the new regional RTO is applied to re-register your vehicle. Not doing so, may result in heavy fine and even jail causing needless and avoidable hassle.