As per the Emigration Act, 1983, certain categories of Indian passport holders require to obtain "Emigration Clearance" from the office of Protector of Emigrants (POE) for going to certain countries
As per the Emigration Act, "emigration" means the leaving of India of any Indian citizen with the intent of taking up employment in a foreign country
All Indian passports are divided into two categories as follows:
For passports issued before January 2007, no notation in the passport means ECR.
For passports issued in or after January 2007, no notation in the passport means ECNR If Emigration Check is required, there will be an endorsement in the passport regarding ECR.
Emigration Check Required (ECR)
The idea behind ECR is for the safety of Indian citizens due to the legal conditions of other countries and is based on various situations/conditions.
If you are subject to ECR, emigration clearance fromPOE to enter any of the following countries for employment is required:
Effective October 1, 2007, if you are traveling to any of the above countries for purposes other than employment, you don't require emigration clearance.
If you are traveling to any country other than those mentioned above, you don't require emigration clearance, irrespective of whether you are eligible for ECNR (as described below) or not.
Emigration Check Not Required (ECNR)
Even if you are traveling to any of the above –mentioned 18 countries, the following categories of persons are exempt from the emigration clearance requirement while going abroad:
If the passport of a person has been wrongly categorized as ECR, while he was entitled for ECNR category, it must be rectified from the issuing Regional Passport Office before she/he undertakes a journey to the countries for which emigration clearance is required.
For more information, visit website - Passport India